Take a your time to see the breathtaking beauty of Santorini from a whole new perspective.. So grab you camera ,a hat, some good shoes and a water bottle and prepare for some amazing views.Skaros Rock - Walking the medieval fortress was one of the five fortified settlements and the most important one. The rock was inhabited in medieval times, because the fortress constructed there offered protection from pirates.
The original castle, known as ‘Epano Kastro’ (Upper castle in Greek) or 'La Roka' was built in the later Byzantine years by the Venetian Giacomo Barozzi. The first Duke of Naxos Marco Sanudo gave Santorini to Giacomo Barozzi in the year of 1207.
A whole settlement was built around and below Epano Kastro, the 'Kasteli' of Skaros. The densely populated Catholic settlement had 200 houses, and to reach its walls required at least half an hour’s walk. At the top of the rock hung a large bell, to warn inhabitants of imminent pirate raids.
The promontory at Skaros has been shaken repeatedly by strong earthquakes. Historical sources say that earthquakes during the eruptions of 1650, 1701 to 1711, and 1866 to 1870 caused considerable damage. The Venetian noble families that lived there decided to leave after the eruptions of 1707 to 1711.Skaros was the capital of Santorini until the 18th century, although evacuation of Skaros started at the beginning of the 17th century. The rich Roman Catholics who had once lived there had moved to the town of Fira, abandoning the castle for a lower flatter level with access to the sea.
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